The word “Basilica” comes from the Greek: Basilike (STOA), ie, regal portico. In Ancient Athens, was the residence of the so- called king archon, who administered justice authority. The model was largely developed by the Roman Empire, with the construction of multifunctional character, since it housed assemblies, civic activities, meetings, and serve as courts and commercial spaces.
It was always a big long building, usually consisting of a nave, two sides ending with one or more apses, semicircular or polygonal enclosure. When the word “basilica” appears in the writings of the early centuries of Christianity, it is always linked to the place where there are liturgical meetings.
The basilica is shown attached to the concept of home, “House of the Lord”, the meeting place of the faithful. Thus, it refers to the “royal palace of heaven” or “kingdom of heaven”. From the fourth century, the structure of the Roman basilica was assimilated by Christianity, by allying the spacious interior for the Christian religion with the grandeur of worship.
Nowadays, not all churches where the faithful gather maintain the architecture that characterized the ancient basilicas. The term applies to churches that have this title for an immemorial tradition or, nowadays, granted by the Pope.
The title of Major Basilica or the Patriarchal Basilica is given to only four basilicas: St. Peter (Vatican), St. John Lateran (Rome), Santa Maria Maggiore (Rome), and St. Paul Outside the Walls (Rome). They are linked directly to the Vatican and placed under the authority of the Pope. The Major Basilicas have a history dating back to the origins of Christianity and have always been targets of major festivals.
The title of Minor Basilica is granted to other basilicas around the world, in recognition of its importance within the spiritual and religious context of the place where they are. This is the case of the Sanctuary of the Divine Eternal Father, in Trindade (GO).
The greatest wealth of basilicas is the immeasurable spiritual. The Basilica in Rome is the Diocese. Currently, the Pope granted the title to the churches considered important for several reasons: veneration devoted by the Christians, importance over time and artistic beauty of its architecture and decoration.
Basilica Sanctuary of the Divine Eternal Father
It is the only basilica in the world dedicated to the Divine Eternal Father. On April 4, 2006, the then Pope Benedict XVI gave this title to the Sanctuary, and on November 18, 2006, the Sacrosanct Basilica was installed.
Bishop Washington Cruz C.P., Archbishop of Goiânia, sent a request to the Congregation for Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments so that the Sanctuary of the Divine Eternal Father would be elevated to a minor basilica. The title was given in the year which marked the 50 years Jubilee of the Archdiocese of Goiânia, Goiás.